Peptide Vs Protein: What’s The Difference?

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Understanding the difference between peptide vs protein will allow you to reap the benefits of their health applications.
RELATED: What Is Body Protective Complex And Why Does It Matter?
In this article:

  1. What Is a Peptide?
  2. What Are Proteins?
  3. How Are Peptides and Proteins Similar?
  4. Where Do Peptides and Proteins Differ?
  5. Why Are Researchers Excited About the Medical Applications of Peptides and Proteins?
  6. Who Should Be Taking Supplements with Peptides or Proteins?
  7. Where Can You Get This Supplement?
  8. How Many Types Of Peptides Are There?
  9. What Are The Benefits Of Using Peptides?
  10. Is Polypeptide A Protein?
  11. What Are The Side Effects Of Using Peptides?
  12. Can I Take Peptides Orally?

Pave Your Path to Healing: Distinguishing Between Peptide vs Protein

What Is a Peptide?

A peptide is found in every cell and tissue of the body. It is an essential cellular component and forms a wide range of functions.
It is made up of a short chain of amino acids. Usually, the chain includes two or more amino acids.
What are amino acids? These are essential building blocks of peptides and proteins. There are 20 kinds of amino acids that play different roles in the body, including nutrient absorption, immune function, tissue growth, muscle repair, and energy production.
The functions that peptides play will depend on the type and combination of amino acids it comprises. Peptides often act like hormones because they carry and send information from one tissue to another.
Peptide hormones can be found in the stomach, brain, intestine, and glands. It aids in the regulation of appetite and blood sugar.

What Are Proteins?

Proteins are large molecules that are made up of fifty or more amino acids. The composition and sequence of the amino acid will dictate the protein’s function.
Proteins do a lot of the heavy lifting in cells. Here are a few examples of protein functions:

  • Form cellular structure – gives cells its shape and provides overall support for the body
  • Transports molecules and atoms – binds and carries molecules and atoms within the cell throughout the body
  • Form antibodies – binds with viruses or bacteria in order to protect the body from the invaders
  • Send messages – sends signals to coordinate the processes between organs, tissues, and cells
  • Form enzymes – enzymes are catalysts that help bring about chemical reactions in cells
  • Form new molecules – uses the information in DNA to help make molecules

Overall, proteins help regulate and form the body’s tissues and organs.

How Are Peptides and Proteins Similar?

Peptides and proteins have similarities in form and function.
Functionally, both play vital roles in a wide array of biological functions. They serve as the body’s building blocks.
Structurally, amino acid chains make up peptides and proteins. For both, the amino acid chains are held together by peptide bonds.

Where Do Peptides and Proteins Differ?

amino acid molecules | Peptide vs Protein: What's The Difference? | what are proteins
If peptides and proteins are made up of the same things and they both help maintain the body’s overall health, are they really different? The most glaring difference between peptides and proteins is their difference in size.
For peptides and proteins, size refers to the number of amino acids it contains. Here’s how they differ:

  • Peptides – 2-10 amino acids
  • Polypeptides (a subcategory of peptides) – 10-50 amino acids
  • Proteins – 51 and more amino acids

Essentially, one or more polypeptides make up proteins. So, a protein is actually a large peptide.
Apart from that, since proteins provide cells with their shape and structure, peptides are usually less defined. Proteins are more complex and can have multidimensional structures.
Proteins can perform more complicated functions than peptides because they contain more amino acids. Keep in mind that it’s the combination of amino acids dictates the functions of proteins and peptides.
RELATED: The Different Types Of Joints In The Body

Why Are Researchers Excited About the Medical Applications of Peptides and Proteins?

Peptides and proteins have high pharmaceutical potential because they can interact with enzymes to cause chemical reactions. These chemical reactions begin certain biological processes that can lead to cellular repair.
Synthetic forms of peptides and proteins can imitate natural components in the body. In addition, they can also serve as a replacement for missing or damaged cellular components.
Researchers believe that this means peptides can be more precise in addressing problem areas without the usual side effects associated with other drugs. On the other hand, proteins are already being used in drugs that treat the symptoms of cancer, arthritis, and autoimmune disorders.
Many peptide and protein medications to treat specific diseases are still in the pre-clinical and clinical trial phases. In there meantime, there are already supplements with peptide protein sequence available.

Who Should Be Taking Supplements with Peptides or Proteins?

Many adults can benefit from the Body Protective Complex supplement that uses a peptide protein sequence. It’s even more helpful for people dealing with an injury, specifically:

  • tendon and ligament damage
  • nerve damage
  • muscle tears
  • sprains

It also prevents and helps heal gastrointestinal problems, such as:

  • gastric ulcers
  • leaky gut
  • irritable bowel syndrome
  • Crohn’s disease

What is Crohn’s disease? It’s the chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. A few of its symptoms are persistent diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and constipation.
Unlike most pain medication, this supplement doesn’t mask the pain. Instead, it helps to increase the production of collagen.
Collagen can help reduce inflammation. Over time, this supplement can help repair damage and accelerate the healing process.
An added bonus: since this is a natural supplement, it doesn’t have unwanted side effects!
Before you take any new medication or supplements, it’s best to consult with your healthcare provider. It’s especially important to do this if you are currently on any other medication or supplements.

Where Can You Get This Supplement?

After discussing your symptoms with your healthcare provider, you can order supplements here. The recommended dose is two tablets each morning right after you eat breakfast.
It’s important to give the supplement time to work. While results may vary from person to person, most users report improvement after three weeks of daily intake.

Here’s some more information about proteins and peptides from Daniel Reneer:

As said, understanding the similarities and differences between peptides and proteins will help you know how they can benefit you. While certain medications work to mask symptoms, the Body Protective Complex supplement works at the cellular level—it helps you recover.
Talk to your healthcare provider if you’re dealing with an injury or gastrointestinal issues. Let them know that you’re interested in peptide or protein supplement to help accelerate your healing process.

How Many Types Of Peptides Are There?

There are many types of peptides. Peptides are usually classified according to their function and their source. Active peptide groups are as follows;

  • Antibiotic Peptides
  • Bacterial Peptides
  • Cancer and Anticancer Peptides
  • Bran Peptides
  • Fungal Peptides
  • Opiate Peptides
  • Endocrine Peptides
  • Cardiovascular Peptides
  • Gastrointestinal Peptides
  • Invertebrate Peptides
  • Plant Peptides
  • Renal Peptides
  • Respiratory Peptides
  • Vaccine Peptides
  • Venom Peptides

What Are The Benefits Of Using Peptides?

Peptides are known to have many benefits such as;

  • acting as antioxidants
  • lowering the high blood pressure
  • killing microbes
  • reducing inflammation
  • preventing blood clots
  • improving immunity

Is Polypeptide A Protein?

No. A polypeptide is a chain of many amino acids. Proteins are long chains of amino acids tied together by peptide bonds. A protein contains one or more polypeptides.

What Are The Side Effects Of Using Peptides?

Peptides have benefits for your health but if not used properly, peptides can have serious side effects.
Side effects and their severity depends on the person using it. Some of the side effects are as follows:

  • Dry mouth
  • Joint pain
  • Increased hunger
  • Increased water retention
  • Itchiness in the injection area
  • Weight loss or gain
  • Decrease in fertility
  • Extreme kidney pain

Those who are considering starting a peptide treatment should consult a doctor before.

Can I Take Peptides Orally?

Technically yes, but it’s not ideal. Our digestive system is designed to break down the polypeptides into amino acids before absorption. Taking peptides orally makes it difficult for your body to benefit from the peptides and proteins as there’ll be a delay in the delivery.
Talk to your healthcare provider if you’re dealing with an injury or gastrointestinal issues. Let them know that you’re interested in peptides or protein supplements to help accelerate your healing process.
Would you consider taking the Body Protective Complex supplement? Let us know in the comments section! 
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