Discovery Of How Cells Respond To Oxygen Wins 2019 Nobel Prize In Medicine

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Three researchers bagged the Nobel Prize in Medicine 2019 for their study on how the body senses and copes with varying oxygen levels.

Nobel Prize in Medicine 2019 Goes to Three Scientists and Oxygen

The Winners

The lives of three scientists changed forever after they won the Nobel Prize in Medicine 2019:

  • Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe from the Francis Crick Institute and the University of Oxford
  • William G. Kaelin Jr. from Johns Hopkins University and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  • Gregg L. Semenza, Ph.D., from Johns Hopkins Institute for Cell Engineering

All of them are independent researchers whose works are now helping other scientists understand the oxygen-sensing mechanisms of the body.

What Are the Studies About?

You can get a better idea of their discoveries in this Nobel Prize press release. The content, however, is technical.
Here are the critical points:

    • The essence of oxygen and definition of hypoxia
    • Changes in the body during hypoxia
    • Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)
    • VHL gene
    • Hydroxyl groups
    • Ubiquitin

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