Loss of Peripheral Vision? Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

tunnel-vision-on-hand-touching-wheat-ss-ft-peripheral-vision-loss | Loss of Peripheral Vision? Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
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According to a survey by John Hopkins University, Americans of different ethnic population groups and ages believe that peripheral vision loss would be the worst health outcome. Continue reading to learn about the causes, symptoms, and treatment of loss of peripheral vision.


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In This Article:

  1. What Is Loss of Peripheral Vision?
  2. The Symptoms
  3. The Causes of Loss of Peripheral Vision 
  4. What Are the Treatments for Loss of Peripheral Vision?


Loss of Peripheral Vision – Don’t Take It Lightly

What Is Loss of Peripheral Vision?

This condition occurs when you cannot see an object unless it’s right in front of you; that’s why peripheral vision loss (PVL) is also known as tunnel vision. PVL can create many challenges which affect mobility and overall orientation. The loss of side vision can impact a person’s perception when navigating or completing tasks which can be very dangerous – especially for older patients.


The Symptoms

difficulty-driving-at-night | Loss of Peripheral Vision? Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

You will be able to notice PVL gradually or all of a sudden, depending on the cause. The symptoms of PVL include:

  • Being unable to see in the dark
  • Constantly bumping into an object
  • Difficult navigating in crowded spaces such as at events, shopping malls, or gatherings
  • Having difficulty driving at night or even during the day

PVL can occur in one or both of your eyes, but if you want to know precisely your condition, you should consult with your doctor about the symptoms you’re having.

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The Causes of Loss of Peripheral Vision

There are a variety of causes of loss of peripheral vision, including several underlying health conditions such as migraine and other conditions such as:


A stroke can cause damage to one side of the brain leading to disability of one side of the body, including loss of vision, and the effect can be permanent. Even though your eyes are still in great shape and working just fine, as this is a neurological type of vision loss, your brain cannot process what you see in the damaged side of your brain.



elderly-man-suffering-from-glaucoma-close-up | Loss of Peripheral Vision? Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

This is an eye condition in which the fluid buildup in your eye can pressure the area and directly impact the peripheral nerves.


Diabetic Retinopathy

For people with diabetes, you will likely experience damage to the retina due to the high blood sugar in your system, which restricts or inflames the blood vessels in your eye.



This condition is also known as a blind spot in your vision, which is usually caused by a damaged retina as a result of inflammation, glaucoma, or other conditions such as macular degeneration.


What Are the Treatments for Loss of Peripheral Vision?

prism-glasses | Loss of Peripheral Vision? Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Unfortunately, there have been limited options to treat your loss of peripheral vision, and in many cases, the damage is irreversible. However, there are kinds of glasses/lenses known as prisms that help expand your field of vision and minimize certain types of PVL. Also, you can even prevent or at least slow down your vision loss by treating the conditions leading to PVL.

Scotoma – The best treatment for this condition is considering adding bright lights in your house/room, magnifying printed reading materials (and on-screen) to help you see better.

Glaucoma – Using eye drops and other kinds of medication or even having surgery to prevent the condition from worsening is a suitable solution, but talking to your healthcare providers is essential before having any of these treatments.

Diabetic Retinopathy – Lifestyle changes such as a healthy diet and exercise regularly are critical for treating diabetes and preventing blood pressure and blood sugar from causing your peripheral vision loss.

Migraine – Treatment for migraines varies from person to person and is usually recommended by their doctors. You can also combine different types of medications with helping ease the severity of your migraine attack and reduce the frequency, but make sure to consult with healthcare professionals.

A variety of symptoms and disorders could cause your visual disturbance. A visual disturbance could happen to anyone at any moment. If you have a sudden and unexplained visual distortion, you should see a doctor right away. Although some visual disturbances are permanent, others are only transient and can be treated.


Are you experiencing loss of peripheral vision? Let us know how we could help! 

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